How to install Windows Operating System via ethernet LAN Cable

A Step-by-Step Guide to Installing Windows via LAN Cables - Network Boot


Installing Windows on multiple computers can be a time-consuming task, especially when done individually through USB drives or optical discs. However, there's a more efficient method known as network boot or PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) installation. This method allows you to install Windows on multiple computers simultaneously using LAN cables, saving you time and effort. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of setting up and installing Windows via LAN cables.

What You'll Need

Before we dive into the steps, make sure you have the following:

  1. A Windows installation image (ISO file) on your computer.
  2. A DHCP server to assign IP addresses.
  3. A TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) server to transfer files.
  4. LAN cables and a network switch for connecting computers.

Steps to Install Windows via LAN Cables

Step 1: Set Up a DHCP Server

  1. Install and configure a DHCP server software (e.g., Windows DHCP Server or third-party alternatives).
  2. Configure the DHCP server to provide IP addresses to computers during boot.

Step 2: Set Up a TFTP Server

  1. Install a TFTP server software (e.g., TFTPD32 or TFTPD64 for Windows).
  2. Configure the TFTP server to serve installation files, including boot files and the Windows installation image.

Step 3: Prepare Windows Installation Image

  1. Mount the Windows ISO file using a tool like WinRAR or extract its contents to a folder.
  2. Copy the extracted files to a folder accessible by the TFTP server.

Step 4: Configure Boot Files

  1. In the extracted Windows installation files, locate the "boot" folder.
  2. Copy the files "boot.sdi," "boot.wim," and "pxeboot.com" to your TFTP server's directory.

Step 5: Set Up Network Boot

  1. Restart the target computer you want to install Windows on.
  2. Access the computer's BIOS settings during startup (usually by pressing Del, F2, or F12).
  3. Locate the "Boot" or "Boot Order" section and set the network boot (PXE) as the first boot option.
  4. Save the BIOS settings and exit.

Step 6: Begin Network Boot

  1. The computer will now boot using the network.
  2. The DHCP server assigns an IP address, and the TFTP server provides the necessary boot files.
  3. The computer's screen will display a menu with installation options. Select the desired Windows version and proceed.

Step 7: Install Windows

  1. Follow the on-screen prompts to install Windows as you would with a regular installation.
  2. You'll be asked to enter the product key, choose the installation location, and customize settings.
  3. Once installation is complete, the computer will restart and boot into the freshly installed Windows.


Installing Windows via LAN cables using network boot is a powerful technique for streamlining large-scale deployments. This method not only saves time but also ensures consistency in the installation process across multiple computers. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you'll be able to set up a network boot environment, allowing you to install Windows seamlessly on multiple computers without the need for individual USB drives or discs. Streamline your Windows installations and experience increased efficiency with network boot installations.

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